Access / Servers / LDAP

LDAP is the light weight directory access protocol used by Microsoft Active Directory, OpenLDAP and Novell eDirectory, to name a few.

OPNsense can use a LDAP server for authentication purposes and for authorization to access (parts) of the graphical user interface (web configurator). When using LDAP for the GUI the privileges have to be defined with the local user manager, to do so an import of the users from the LDAP source is required.

In this how-to we will show you how to configure both using Microsoft Active Directory Server. If you only need LDAP for services like VPN, then you can skip step 3-5.

Prerequisites

A functional LDAP server (example is based on MS AD) is required. You OPNsense firewall need to be fully configured and able to access the LDAP server.

Step 1 - Add New LDAP server

To add a new LDAP server as authentication source, go to System ‣ Access ‣ Servers and click on Add server the top right corner, just above the form.

Enter the following information:


Descriptive name ws2012 Enter a descriptive name
Type LDAP Select LDAP
Hostname or IP address 10.10.10.1 Enter the IP address of you LDAP Server
Port value 389 Enter the port number, 389 is default
Transport TCP - Standard Select Standard or Encrypted
Protocol version 3 Select protocol version
Bind credentials    
User DN: cn=testusr,CN=Users, DC=opnsense,DC=local Enter your credentials
Password: secret alway use a strong password
Search scope Entire Subtree Select Entire Subtree to retrieve all
Base DN: DC=opnsense,DC=local Enter the Base DN
Authentication containers Select Click & Select the containers from the list
Extended Query &(objectClass=Person) Extend query, p.e. limit results to Persons
Initial Template MicrosoftAD Select you LDAP Server Type
User naming attribute samAccountName Auto filled in based upon Initial Template
Read properties   Fetch account details after successful login
Synchronize groups   Enable to Synchronize groups, requires the option above
Limit groups   Select list of groups that maybe considered during sync*

Note

When clicking on the Select button right next to Authentication containers, something similar to will show up:

../../_images/ldap_selectcontainer.png

Note

When using SSL/TLS, make sure the certificate authority of the remote server is configured in the System -> Trust section.

Tip

The Extended Query can be used to select users who are member of a specific group (only relevant for external services, when not using the local user database). One can use something like this: &(memberOf=CN=myGroup,CN=Users,DC=opnsense,DC=local) to select only members of the group “myGroup”. To add a user to a specific group under Windows just edit the groups properties and select Add… to add the user under the tab Members.

../../_images/ldap_mygroup_properties.png

Step 1.1 (optional) Synchronize groups.

When using the local database to import users, you can also synchronize configured ldap groups when the remote server supports this. To use this feature, enable Read properties and Synchronize groups.

Note

This feature needs the remote ldap server to respond with memberOf when queried, how to enable this on various ldap providers lies outside the scope of this manual.

Note

Groups will be extracted from the first CN= section and will only be considered when already existing in OPNsense. Group memberships will be persisted in OPNsense (you can always check which rights the user had the last time he or she successfully logged in).

Step 2 - Test

To test if the server is configured correctly, go to System ‣ Access ‣ Tester and select your LDAP server and enter a valid username + password. Click on Test and if everything is setup correctly it will show:

../../_images/ldap_testok.png

Note

When limited to just one group, the group name will not be shown in the listing.

If not (or your entered invalid credentials) it shows:

../../_images/ldap_testfail.png

Tip

When Read properties is enabled, you should also see all properties returned by the server in the tester. This helps to identify if your server support group sync support (find memberOf in the list).

Step 3 - Import Users

If you would like to give LDAP/Active Directory users access to the GUI, you need to import the users into the local user manager. Go to System ‣ Access ‣ Users you will see a cloud import icon at the lower right corner of the form.

../../_images/user_cloudimport.png

Click on the cloud import icon to start importing users.

A new form will be show with the individual users, select the ones you like to import.

Step 4 - Update LDAP user privileges

Now if you go to System ‣ Access ‣ Users you will see all users including the newly imported LDAP users. You can create a specific group for these users to easily manage the privileges or use one of your earlier created groups.

When opening a LDAP user (edit) via the pecil icon right next to the name, you will notice the difference as the User Distinguished name will be shown from the LDAP server, just like this:

../../_images/user_ldap_distinguishedname.png

Tip

See Users & Groups for more information on User, Groups and privileges.

Step 5 - Update system access settings

Now we have configures, verified and imported the users from our LDAP server, we need to change the default settings to allow LDAP users to login.

Go to System ‣ Access ‣ Settings and change the Authentication Server from Local Database to your newly created LDAP server. Leave the fallback on Local Database and click on Save and Test.

The test result should look like this:

../../_images/user_testresult_ldap.png