IPSec BINAT (NAT before IPSec)¶
Assume company A has local LAN 10.0.1.0/24 and company B has local LAN 10.0.2.0/24. Also we assume that on both sides the other networks are already in use, e.g. in company A the network 10.0.2.0/24 is used for Voice and in company B network 10.0.1.0/24 is used for Guest Wi-Fi.
We have to define new networks for the Phase 2 with unused ones and create NAT entries to reach the final systems.
To make it easier we create a Phase2 with company A using 192.168.1.0/24 as Local Network and 192.168.2.0/24 as Remote Network and with company B using 192.168.2.0/24 as Local network and 192.168.1.0/24 as Remote Network. Now we need to add on each side the local LAN in the field “Manual SPD entries”. So for company A we set 10.0.1.0/24 in the field and for B 10.0.2.0/24. This allows the NAT process to speak with the Security Policy Database.
Finally we have to create NAT entries since a client in LAN A (10.0.1.10) tries to reach 192.168.2.10, but this address has to be rewritten to 10.0.2.10 on Firewall B.
Create the rule like in the screenshot and vice versa on Firewall A: