Setup SSL VPN Road Warrior


Road Warriors are remote users who need secure access to the companies infrastructure. OPNsense uses OpenVPN for its SSL VPN Road Warrior setup and offers OTP (One Time Password) integration with standard tokens and Googles Authenticator.


Did you know that OPNsense offers two-factor authentication throughout the entire system? See for more information: Two-factor authentication


For the sample we will use a private IP for our WAN connection. This requires us to disable the default block rule on wan to allow private traffic. To do so, go to Interfaces ‣ [WAN] and uncheck “Block private networks”. (Dont forget to save and apply)


Before you start

Before starting with the configuration of an OpenVPN SSL tunnel you need to have a working OPNsense installation with a unique LAN IP subnet for each side of your connection (your local network needs to be different than that of the remote network).


For the sample we will use a private IP for our WAN connection. This requires us to disable the default block rule on WAN to allow private traffic. To do so, go to Interfaces ‣ [WAN] and uncheck “Block private networks”. (Don’t forget to save and apply)


Network topology

The schema below describes the situation we are implementing. One client using an “external” ip address of a firewall we are connecting to at constructing a tunnel using to reach



In order to setup a tunnel on both ends, we need to configure certificates to warrant trust between the client and this server.

  • First we need an Authority which we are going to create in System ‣ Trust ‣ Authorities

    • Select Create an internal Certificate Authority

    • Choose cryptographic settings and a lifetime (you may want to increase the default as after this time you do need to redistribute certificates to both server and client).

    • Add descriptive information for this CA (Descriptive name, City, Email, ..`)

    • Set the Common Name to something descriptive for this certificate, like “Office-ovpn”

  • Next generate a Certficate for the server using System ‣ Trust ‣ Certificates

    • Select Create an internal Certificate

    • Choose the just created authority in Certificate authority

    • Add descriptive information for this CA (Descriptive name, whereabouts are copied from the CA)

    • Set Type to Server

    • Choose cryptographic settings, lifetime determines the validaty of the server certificate (you do need to track this yourself), it’s allow to choose a longer period here

    • Set the Common Name to the fqdn of this machine.

  • For the client pc we will create a user and a certificate, from the System ‣ Access ‣ Users menu.

    • Hit the [+] sign to create a new user, for this test we will call it test1

    • Check the “Certificate -> Click to create a user certificate” option and hit “save”

    • Next step in the certificate window, select “Create an internal Certificate” and “save”


It’s a best practice to offer each user it’s own certificate using the same common name as the username, although it is also possible to clients to share a certificate. When adding a certificate from the user manager the CN is automatically set to its name. In this example we will only authenticate using the certificate, no additional user or password will be required.

Static keys

We create a static key and define it’s use in VPN ‣ OpenVPN ‣ Instances ‣ Static Keys, for this example select auth as mode and click the gear button to generate one. Provide a description for this key.

Create a server instance

Now the generic setup is done, we can configure a new server type instance via VPN ‣ OpenVPN ‣ Instances


site B






UDP (IPv4)

Port number


Bind address 1

Server (IPv4) (the tunnel network used)


choose the prepared server certificate

TLS static key

choose the prepared static key


Local Database 2

Strict User/CN Matching

[V] 3

Local Network

Redirect gateway

Leave empty 4

Note 1

Leave empty to bind to all addresses assigned to this machine or use a loopback address combined with a port forward when the external address is not static.

Note 2

When users are also required to use a one-time-password, just select an authentication server that supports the additional token.

Note 3

Selecting the “Strict User/CN Matching” option warrants only matching user/certificate can login, when sharing a single vertificate between clients this option needs to be deselected.

Note 4

If you want all outgoing IP traffic to be redirected over the VPN, you can set the option to default. For this to work, a manual NAT outbound rule must be created.

Next go to Firewall ‣ Rules ‣ WAN and add a rule to allow traffic on port 1194/UDP from the other host. At minimum we should add a rule similar to this one:


site B





Destination port range


Finally we are going to allow traffic on the tunnel itself by adding a rule to Firewall ‣ Rules ‣ OpenVPN, for this example we keep it simple and add one to allow all, in which case we can save the defaults when adding a rule.

Export client profile

With the server in place it’s time to setup the client on OPNsense, for this we go to VPN ‣ OpenVPN ‣ Client Export and export a profile for the remote client.



Remote Access Server

select the Roadwarrior server “MyServer”

Export type

File Only 1


Note 1

Most clients support the standard ovpn format, when using a tool like Viscosity from Sparklabs ( you can also choose the proper type here.

Next client on the certificate with link user in the grid below and install the certificate on the client.

Test connectivity

After connecting the client, use the VPN: OpenVPN: Connection Status page to watch the status of the connected client. It should show the client with byte counters.

Now try to ping from Site A ( to Site B (