IPsec: Setup OPNsense for IKEv2 Mutual RSA + MSCHAPv2

Mutual RSA + MSCHAPv2 via IKEv2 is based on client certificate authentication combined with username and password via MSCHAPv2. Be sure that the client certificate is installed on your users device.

Step 1 - Create Certificates

For Mutual RSA + MSCHAPv2 with IKEv2 you need to create a Root CA and a server certificate for your Firewall.

Go to System ‣ Trust ‣ Authorities and click Add. Give it a Descriptive Name and as Method choose Create internal Certificate Authority. Increase the Lifetime and fill in the fields matching your local values. Now go to System ‣ Trust ‣ Certificates and create a new certificate for the Firewall itself. Important is to change the Type to server. The Common Name can be the hostname of the Firewall and set as Alternative Name the FQDN your Firewall how it is known to the WAN side. This is most important as your VPN will drop when the FQDN does not match the ones of the certificate.

If you already have a CA roll out a server certificate and import the CA itself via System ‣ Trust ‣ Authorities and the certificate with the key in System ‣ Trust ‣ Certificates.

Step 2 - Mobile Clients

First we will need to setup the mobile clients network and authentication source. Go to VPN ‣ IPsec ‣ Mobile Clients

For our example will use the following settings:

IKE Extensions

Enable

checked

check to enable mobile clients

User Authentication

Local Database

For the example we use the Local Database

Group Authentication

none

Leave on none

Virtual Address Pool

10.10.0.0/24

Enter the IP range for the remote clients

You can select other options, but we will leave them all unchecked for this example.

Save your settings and select Create Phase1 when it appears. Then enter the Mobile Client Phase 1 setting.

Step 3 - Phase 1 Mobile Clients

Phase 1 General information

Connection method

default

default is ‘Start on traffic’

Key Exchange version

V2

only V2 is supported for this type

Internet Protocol

IPv4

Interface

WAN

choose the interface connected to the internet

Description

MobileIPsec

freely chosen description

Phase 1 proposal (Authentication)

Authentication method

Mutual RSA + MSCHAPv2

This is the method we want here

My identifier

Distinguished Name

Set the FQDN you used within certificate

My Certificate

Certificate

Choose the certificate from dropdown list

Phase 1 proposal (Algorithms)

Encryption algorithm

AES

For our example we will use AES/256 bits

Hash algoritm

SHA1, SHA256

SHA1 and SHA256 for compatibility

DH key group

1024, 2048 bit

1024 and 2048 bit for compatibility

Lifetime

28800 sec

lifetime before renegotiation

Advanced Options are fine by default.

Save your settings.

Step 3 - Phase 2 Mobile Clients

Press the button that says ‘+ Show 0 Phase-2 entries’

../../_images/ipsec_s2s_vpn_p1a_show_p2.png

You will see an empty list:

../../_images/ipsec_s2s_vpn_p1a_p2_empty.png

Now press the + at the right of this list to add a Phase 2 entry.

General information

Mode

Tunnel IPv4

Select Tunnel mode

Description

MobileIPsecP2

Freely chosen description

Local Network

Local Network

LAN subnet

Route the local LAN subnet

Phase 2 proposal (SA/Key Exchange)

Protocol

ESP

Choose ESP for encryption

Encryption algorithms

AES / 256

For this example we use AES 256

Hash algorithms

SHA1, SHA256

Same as before, mix SHA1 and SHA256

PFS Key group

off

Most mobile systems do not support PFS in Phase2

Lifetime

3600 sec

Save your settings and Enable IPsec, Select:

../../_images/ipsec_s2s_vpn_p1a_enable.png

Note

If you already had IPsec enabled and added Road Warrior setup, it is important to restart the whole service via services widget in the upper right corner of IPSec pages or via System ‣ Diagnostics ‣ Services ‣ Strongswan since applying configuration only reloads it, but a restart also loads the required modules of strongSwan.

Step 4 - Add IPsec Users

Go to System ‣ Trust ‣ Certificates and create a new client certificate. Just click Add, choose your CA and probably increase the lifetime. Everything else besides the CN can be left default. Give a Common Name and Save. Download the newly created certificate as PKCS12 and export it to you enduser device.

Switch to VPN -> IPsec -> Pre-Shared Keys and press Add. Enter the following into the form:

Identifier

expert

Pre-Shared Key

&test!9T

Type

EAP