OPNsense ships with a standard NTPd server, which synchronizes time with upstream servers and provides time to connected clients.
A newly installed firewall comes with NTP enabled on all interfaces (firewall blocks all non LAN access in this case),
forwarding queries to one of the
X.opnsense.pool.ntp.org upstreams (
X is any of 0,1,2,3).
In most cases the default setup is ready to use, below you will find some of the general options which can be configured.
|Interface(s)||Interfaces to bind to, when none is selected it listens to all|
Servers to use, comes with two toggles:
|Orphan mode||Orphan mode allows the system clock to be used when no other clocks are available. The number here specifies the stratum reported during orphan mode and should normally be set to a number high enough to insure that any other servers available to clients are preferred over this server.|
|NTP graphs||Enable RRD graphs of NTP statistics, which can be viewed in|
|Syslog logging||Extend logging with peer and/or system messages|
|Statistics logging||Enable statistical logging in
|Access restrictions||Within the access restriction row, you can set various options which limit the use of ntpd and in some cases instruct ntpd how to handle rejected clients.|
|Leap seconds||You can manually supply ntpd with a leap seconds file, more detailed info on the contents of those files can be found here|
NTPs is disabled if no Time servers are configured. There is no separate enable/disable toggle.
If you own a gps receiver, which supports NMEA, you can use it as a reference clock and configure it in this section. For some brands settings are preconfigured, you can also use custom settings.
If your GPS receiver supports PPS (Pulse Per Second) output or you have a separate PPS signal available, you can configure the serial port to use along with some other settings here.
The status page can be used to query the health of the upstream time sources, it shows the following characteristics.
|Status||Human readable status of the upstream|
|Ref ID||Source IP address or kiss code:|
|Stratum||NTP uses a hierarchical, semi-layered system of time sources (wikipedia) This field shows the stratum of the upstream source (lower usually means closer to the actual time source)|
Type of time source, one of:
|When||time in seconds, minutes, hours, or days since the last packet was received, or ‘-‘ if a packet has never been received|
|Poll||poll interval in seconds|
|Reach||reach shift register (octal), when set to
|Delay||roundtrip delay in milliseconds|
|Offset||offset time in milliseconds of the server relative to this host|
|Jitter||indicates the difference, in milliseconds, between two samples|